Below are the works cited in The PVD Channel: Season 1. Please click any of the references for more information.

A  |  B  |  C  |  D  |  E  |  F  |  G  |  H  |  I  |  J  |  K  |  L  |  M  |  N  |  O  |  P  |  Q  |  R  |  S  |  T  |  U  |  V  |  W  |  X  |  Y  |  Z 



Allie DE, Hebert CJ, Lirtzman MD, et al. Critical limb ischemia: a global epidemic. A critical analysis of current treatment unmasks the clinical and economic costs of CLI. EuroIntervention. 2005;1(1):75-84.

Anand SS, Bosch J, Eikelboom JW, et al. Rivaroxaban with or without aspirin in patients with stable peripheral or carotid artery disease: an international, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2018;391(10117):219-229.

Arko F, Mettauer M, McCollough R, et al. Use of intravascular ultrasound improves long-term clinical outcome in the endovascular management of atherosclerotic aortoiliac occlusive disease. J Vasc Surg. 1998;27(4):614-623.

Arthurs ZM, Bishop PD, Feiten LE, Eagleton MJ, Clair DG, Kashyap VS. Evaluation of peripheral atherosclerosis: a comparative analysis of angiography and intravascular ultrasound imaging. J Vasc Surg. 2010;51(4):933-939.


Babaev A, Zavlunova S, Attubato MJ, Martinsen BJ, Mintz GS, Maehara A. Orbital Atherectomy Plaque Modification Assessment of the Femoropopliteal Artery Via Intravascular Ultrasound (TRUTH Study). Vasc Endovascular Surg. 2015;49(7):188-194.

Bailey SR, Beckman JA, Dao TD, et al. ACC/AHA/SCAI/SIR/SVM 2018 Appropriate Use Criteria for Peripheral Artery Intervention: A Report of the American College of Cardiology Appropriate Use Criteria Task Force, American Heart Association, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society of Interventional Radiology, and Society for Vascular Medicine. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2019;73(2):214-237.

Barton M, Grüntzig J, Husmann M, Rösch J. Balloon Angioplasty – The Legacy of Andreas Grüntzig, M.D. (1939-1985). Front Cardiovasc Med. 2017;1:15.

Baumann F, Fust J, Engelberger RP, et al. Early recoil after balloon angioplasty of tibial artery obstructions in patients with critical limb ischemia. J Endovasc Ther. 2014;21(1):44-51.

Bonaca MP, Bauersachs RM, Anand SS, et al. Rivaroxaban in Peripheral Artery Disease after Revascularization. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(21):1994-2004.

Bonaca MP, Nault P, Giugliano RP, et al. Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Lowering With Evolocumab and Outcomes in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: Insights From the FOURIER Trial (Further Cardiovascular Outcomes Research With PCSK9 Inhibition in Subjects With Elevated Risk). Circulation. 2018;137(4);338-350.

Buckley CJ, Arko FR, Lee S, et al. Intravascular ultrasound scanning improves long-term patency of iliac lesions treated with balloon angioplasty and primary stenting. J Vasc Surg. 2002;35(2):316-323.

Bunte MC, Shishehbor MH. Angiosome-Guided Intervention in Critical Limb Ischemia. Interv Cardiol Clin. 2017;6(2):271-277.


Comerota AJ. The ATTRACT trial: rationale for early intervention for iliofemoral DVT. Perspect Vasc Surg Endovasc Ther. 2009;21(4):221-224.

Conte MS, Bradbury AW, Kolh P, et al. Global vascular guidelines on the management of chronic limb-threatening ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2019;69(6S):3S-125S.e140.

Conte MS, Bradbury AW, Kolh P, et al. Global Vascular Guidelines on the Management of Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2019;58(1S):S1-S109.e33.


Das SK, Yuan YF, Li MQ. Predictors of delayed wound healing after successful isolated below-the-knee endovascular intervention in patients with ischemic foot ulcers. J Vasc Surg. 2018;67(4):1181-1190.

Das T, Mustapha J, Indes J, et al. Technique optimization of orbital atherectomy in calcified peripheral lesions of the lower extremities: the CONFIRM series, a prospective multicenter registry. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2014;83(1):115-122.

Dattilo R, Himmelstein SI, Cuff RF. The COMPLIANCE 360° Trial: a randomized, prospective, multicenter, pilot study comparing acute and long-term results of orbital atherectomy to balloon angioplasty for calcified femoropopliteal disease. J Invasive Cardiol. 2014;26(8):355-360.


Esposito A, Charisis N, Kantarovsky A, Uhl JF, Labropoulos N. A Comprehensive Review of the Pathophysiology and Clinical Importance of Iliac Vein Obstruction. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2020;60(1):118-125.


Fanelli F, Cannavale A, Boatta E, et al. Lower limb multilevel treatment with drug-eluting balloons: 6-month results from the DEBELLUM randomized trial. J Endovasc Ther. 2012;19(5):571-580.

Ferraresi R, Mauri G, Losurdo F, et al. BAD transmission and SAD distribution: a new scenario for critical limb ischemia. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2018;59(5):655-664.

Ferraresi R, Ucci A, Pizzuto A, et al. A Novel Scoring System for Small Artery Disease and Medial Arterial Calcification Is Strongly Associated With Major Adverse Limb Events in Patients With Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia. J Endovasc Ther. 2020 Oct 15;1526602820966309.

Fujihara M, Takahara M, Sasaki S, et al. Angiographic Dissection Patterns and Patency Outcomes After Balloon Angioplasty for Superficial Femoral Artery Disease. J Endovasc Ther. 2017;24(3):367-375.


Gagne PJ, Gasparis A, Black S, et al. Analysis of threshold stenosis by multiplanar venogram and intravascular ultrasound examination for predicting clinical improvement after iliofemoral vein stenting in the VIDIO trial. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2018;6(1):48-56.e1.

Gagne PJ, Tahara RW, Fastabend CP, et al. Venography versus intravascular ultrasound for diagnosing and treating iliofemoral vein obstruction. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2017;5(5):678-687.

Gerhard-Herman MD, Gornik HL, Barrett C, et al. 2016 AHA/ACC Guideline on the Management of Patients With Lower Extremity Peripheral Artery Disease: A Report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017;69(11):e71-e126.

Goldhaber SZ, Visani L, De Rosa M. Acute pulmonary embolism: clinical outcomes in the International Cooperative Pulmonary Embolism Registry (ICOPER). Lancet. 1999;353(9162):1386-1389.

Goodney PP, Travis LL, Nallamothu BK, et al. Variation in the use of lower extremity vascular procedures for critical limb ischemia. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2012;5(1):94-102.

Grada AA, Phillips TJ. Lymphedema: Pathophysiology and clinical manifestations. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2017;77(6):1009-1020.

Guzman RJ, Brinkley DM, Schumacher PM, Donahue RMJ, Beavers H, Qin X. Tibial artery calcification as a marker of amputation risk in patients with peripheral arterial disease. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;51(20):1967-1974.


Haig Y, Enden T, Grøtta O, et al. Post-thrombotic syndrome after catheter-directed thrombolysis for deep vein thrombosis (CaVenT): 5-year follow-up results of an open-label, randomised controlled trial. Lancet Haemotol. 2016;3(2):e64-e71.

Henry AJ, Hevelone ND, Belkin M, Nguyen LL. Socioeconomic and hospital-related predictors of amputation for critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2011;53(2):330-339.e1.

Hiatt WR. Medical treatment of peripheral arterial disease and claudication. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(21):1608-1621.

Hobo R, Kievit J, Leurs LJ, Buth J, EUROSTAR Collaborators. Influence of severe infrarenal aortic neck angulation on complications at the proximal neck following endovascular AAA repair: a EUROSTAR study. J Endovasc Ther. 2007;14(1):1-11.

Huizing E, Kum S, Adams G, Ferraresi R, de Vries JP PM, Ünlü Ç. High-pressure, non-compliant balloon angioplasty for long and calcified infrapopliteal and inframalleolar lesions is feasible. Int Angiol. 2020;39(5):390-397.

Huizing E, Schreve MA, de Vries JP PM, Ferraresi R, Kum S, Ünlü Ç. Below-the-Ankle Angioplasty in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2019;30(9):1361-1368.e2.


Iida O, Nakamura M, Yamauchi Y, et al. 3-Year Outcomes of the OLIVE Registry, a Prospective Multicenter Study of Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia: A Prospective, Multi-Center, Three-Year Follow-Up Study on Endovascular Treatment for Infra-Inguinal Vessel in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2015;8(11):1493-1502.

Iida O, Nakamura M, Yamauchi Y, et al. Endovascular treatment for infrainguinal vessels in patients with critical limb ischemia: OLIVE registry, a prospective, multicenter study in Japan with 12-month follow-up. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2013;6(1):68-76.

Iida O, Takahara M, Soga Y, et al. Efficacy of intravascular ultrasound in femoropopliteal stenting for peripheral artery disease with TASC II class A to C lesions. J Endovasc Ther. 2014;21(4):485-492.

Iida O, Takahara M, Soga Y, et al. Worse limb prognosis for indirect versus direct endovascular revascularization only in patients with critical limb ischemia complicated with wound infection and diabetes mellitus. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2013;46(5):575-582.



Kahn SR, Ducruet T, Lamping DL, et al. Prospective evaluation of health-related quality of life in patients with deep venous thrombosis. Arch Intern Med. 2005;165(10):1173-1178.

Kahn SR, Ginsberg JS. Relationship between deep venous thrombosis and the postthrombotic syndrome. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164(1):17-26.

Kahn SR, Shbaklo H, Lamping DL, et al. Determinants of health-related quality of life during the 2 years following deep vein thrombosis. J Thromb Haemost. 2008;6(7):1105-1112.

Kaluski E, Khan SU, Singh M, et al. Iliofemoral peripheral orbital atherectomy for optimizing TAVR access: An innovative strategy in the absence of alternative access options. Cardiovasc Revasc Med. 2018; 19(8)Suppl:71-76.

Kibbe MR, Ujiki M, Goodwin AL, et al. Iliac vein compression in an asymptomatic patient population. J Vasc Surg. 2004;39:937-943.

Kistner RL, Eklof B, Masuda EM. Diagnosis of chronic venous disease of the lower extremities: the “CEAP” classification. Mayo Clin Proc. 1996;71(4):338-345.

Klein AJ, Jaff MR, Gray BH, et al. SCAI appropriate use criteria for peripheral arterial interventions: An update. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2017;90(4):E90-E110.

Knipp BS, Blackburn SA, Bloom JR, Fellows E, Laforge W, Pfeifer JR, et al. Endovenous laser ablation: venous outcomes and thrombotic complications are independent of the presence of deep venous insufficiency. J Vasc Surg. 2008;48(6):1538-1545.

Kobayashi N, Hirano K, Yamawaki M, et al. Simple classification and clinical outcomes of angiographic dissection after balloon angioplasty for femoropopliteal disease. J Vasc Surg. 2018;67(4):1151-1158.

Kobayashi N, Mintz GS, Witzenbichler B, et al. Prevalence, Features, and Prognostic Importance of Edge Dissection After Drug-Eluting Stent Implantation: An ADAPT-DES Intravascular Ultrasound Substudy. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2016;9(7):e003553.

Kokkinidis DG, Armstrong EJ. Emerging and Future Therapeutic Options for Femoropopliteal and Infrapopliteal Endovascular Intervention. Interv Cardiol Clin. 2017;6(2):279-295.

Kolluri R, Fowler B, Ansel G, Silver M. A novel duplex finding of superficial epigastric vein flow reversal to diagnose iliocaval occlusion. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2017;5(3):358-362.

Krishnan P, Tarricone A, Purushothaman KR, et al. Intravascular ultrasound guided directional atherectomy versus directional atherectomy guided by angiography for the treatment of femoropopliteal in-stent restenosis. Ther Adv Cardiovasc Dis. 2018;12(1):17-22.


Labropoulos N. CEAP in clinical practice. Vasc Surg. 1997;31:224-225.

Labropoulos N. Diagnosis of Iliac Vein Obstruction With Duplex Ultrasound. Endovascular Therapy Today. July 2018.

Labropoulos N, Jasinski PT, Adrahtas D, Gasparis AP, Meissner MH. A standardized ultrasound approach to pelvic congestion syndrome. Phlebology. 2017;32(9):608-619.

Labropoulos N, Tiongson J, Pryor L, Tassiopoulos AK, Kang SS, Mansour MA, et al. Definition of venous reflux in lower-extremity veins. J Vasc Surg. 2003;38(4):793-798.

Labropoulos N, Volteas N, Leon M, Sowade O, Rulo A, Giannoukia AD, et al. The role of venous outflow obstruction in patients with chronic venous dysfunction. Arch Surg. 1997;132(1):46-51.

Lavingia KS, Tran K, Dua A, et al. Multivessel tibial revascularization does not improve outcomes in patients with critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2020;71(6):2083-2088.

Leurs LJ, Kievit J, Dagnelie PC, Nelemans PJ, Buth J. Influence of Infrarenal Neck Length on Outcome of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. J Endovasc Ther. 2006;13(5):640-648.

Lurie F, Passman M, Meisner M, et al. The 2020 update of the CEAP classification system and reporting standards. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2020;8(3):342-352.


MacKenzie RK, Allan PL, Ruckley CV, Bradbury AW. The effect of long saphenous vein stripping on deep venous reflux. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2004;28(1):104-107.

Maehara A, Mintz GS, Shimshak TM, et al. Intravascular ultrasound evaluation of JETSTREAM atherectomy removal of superficial calcium in peripheral arteries. EuroIntervention. 2015;11(1):96-103.

Manzi M, Cester G, Palena LM, Alek J, Candeo A, Ferraresii R. Vascular imaging of the foot: the first step toward endovascular recanalization. Radiographics. 2011;31(6):1623-1636.

Marston W, Fish D, Unger J, Keagy B. Incidence of and risk factors for iliocaval venous obstruction in patients with active or healed venous leg ulcers. J Vasc Surg. 2011;53(5):1303-1308.

Montminy ML, Thomasson JD, Tanaka GJ, Lamanilao LM, Crim W, Raju S. A comparison between intravascular ultrasound and venography in identifying key parameters essential for iliac vein stenting. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2019;7(6):801-807.

Murphy E, Nguyen D, Varney E, Stears C, Raju S. Increasing the Diagnostic Sensitivity of Noninvasive Imaging Techniques Before and After Iliac Vein Stenting. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2015;3(1):128.

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Mustapha JA, Diaz-Sandoval LJ, Jaff MR, et al. Ultrasound-Guided Arterial Access: Outcomes Among Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease and Critical Limb Ischemia Undergoing Peripheral Interventions. J Invasive Cardiol. 2016;28(6):259-264.

Mustapha JA, Diaz-Sandoval LJ, Saab F. Infrapopliteal calcification patterns in critical limb ischemia: diagnostic, pathologic and therapeutic implications in the search for the endovascular holy grail. J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino). 2017;58(3):383-401.

Mustapha JA, Gray W, Martinsen BJ, et al. One-Year Results of the LIBERTY 360 Study: Evaluation of Acute and Midterm Clinical Outcomes of Peripheral Endovascular Device Interventions. J Endovasc Ther. 2019;26(2):143-154.

Mustapha JA, Katzen BT, Neville RF, et al. Propensity Score-Adjusted Comparison of Long-Term Outcomes Among Revascularization Strategies for Critical Limb Ischemia. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2019;12(9):e008097.


Nanavati R, Jasinski P, Adrahtas D, Gasparis A, Labropoulos N. Correlation Between Pelvic Congestion Syndrome and Body Mass Index. J Vasc Surg. 2018;67(2):536-541.

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National Institutes of Health. Intravascular Ultrasound-Guided Intervention for Venous Leg Ulcers (IGuideU). Available at:

National Institutes of Health. Prestige Pilot – Phoenix Atherectomy and Stellarex DCB Clinical Investigation in Infrapopliteal Interventions. Available at:

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Neglén P, Hollis KC, Olivier J, Raju S. Stenting of the venous outflow in chronic venous disease: long-term stent-related outcome, clinical, and hemodynamic result. J Vasc Surg. 2007;46(5):979-990.

Neglén P, Hollis KC, Raju S. Combined saphenous ablation and iliac stent placement for complex severe chronic venous disease. J Vasc Surg. 2006;44(4):828-833.

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Panaich SS, Arora S, Patel N, et al. Intravascular Ultrasound in Lower Extremity Peripheral Vascular Interventions: Variation in Utilization and Impact on In-Hospital Outcomes From the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2006-2011). J Endovasc Ther. 2016;23(1):65-75.

Park SW, Yun IJ, Hwang JJ, et al. Fluoroscopy-guided endovenous sclerotherapy using a microcatheter prior to endovenous laser ablation: comparison between liquid and foam sclerotherapy for varicose tributaries. Korean J Radiol. 2014;15(4):481-487.

Paul A, Braun C, Mosnier A, et al. Detection of skin alterations in mild-to-moderate chronic venous disease using non-invasive techniques. Eur J Dermatol. 2020;30(5):505-515.

Palena LM, Diaz-Sandoval JL, Sultato E, et al. Feasibility and 1-Year outcomes of subintimal revascularization with supera ® stenting of long femoropopliteal occlusions in critical limb ischemia: The "Supersub" Study. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2017;89(5):910-920.

Pliagas G, Saab F, Stavroulakis K, et al. Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging Versus Digital Subtraction Angiography in Patients with Peripheral Vascular Disease. J Invasive Cardiol. 2020;32(3):99-103.

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Raju S, Buck WJ, Crim W, Jayaraj A. Optimal sizing of iliac vein stents. Phlebology. 2018;33(7):451-457.

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Shammas NW, Torey JT, Shammas WJ, Jones-Miller S, Shammas GA. Intravascular Ultrasound Assessment and Correlation With Angiographic Findings Demonstrating Femoropopliteal Arterial Dissections Post Atherectomy: Results From the iDissection Study. J Invasive Cardiol. 2018;30(7):240-244.

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Yin D, Maehara A, Shimshak TM, et al. Intravascular Ultrasound Validation of Contemporary Angiographic Scores Evaluating the Severity of Calcification in Peripheral Arteries. J Endovasc Ther. 2017;24(4):478-487.

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